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Kidney and Urinary System Disorders
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Detailed information on kidney disorders
Detailed information on kidney conditions, including kidney function, nephrology, kidney problem causes, kidney disease symptoms, and a labeled, full-color anatomical illustration
Renal vascular disease affects the blood flow into and out of the kidneys. It may cause kidney damage, kidney failure, and high blood pressure.
Taking one or a mix of painkiller medicines daily over a long time may cause chronic kidney problems. This is called analgesic nephropathy. Painkillers that combine 2 or more medicines (such as, aspirin and acetaminophen together) with caffeine or codeine are the most likely to harm the kidneys.
Detailed anatomical description of the urinary system, including simple definitions and labeled, full-color illustrations
Detailed information on bladder cancer, including symptoms, types, causes, risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is also called benign prostatic hypertrophy. It’s when the prostate gland becomes very large and may cause problems passing urine. BPH is not cancer, and is a common part of aging.
When the wall between the bladder and the vagina weakens, the bladder may drop or sag into the vagina. This disorder in women is called cystocele.
Detailed information on the most common urogenital disorders, including bladder cancer, cystocele (fallen bladder), hematuria, blood in the urine, impotence, erectile dysfunction, interstitial cystitis, male factor infertility, prostate disease, benign prostatic hyperplasia, BPH, prostate cancer, urinary incontinence, urinary tract infection, vesicoureteral reflux
Kidney failure happens when damage results in loss of normal kidney function. It may also be called end stage renal disease (ESRD).
Glomerulosclerosis is scarring in the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys called the glomeruli. These are the tiny units in the kidneys that filter urine from the blood.
When the kidneys' filters (glomeruli) become inflamed and scarred it is called glomerulonephritis. The kidneys slowly lose their ability to remove wastes and excess fluid from the blood to make urine.
Goodpasture syndrome is a rare autoimmune disease that affects the lungs and kidneys. Normally, the immune system makes antibodies to fight off germs. With Goodpasture syndrome, however, the immune system mistakenly makes antibodies that attack the lungs and kidneys. This condition can quickly progress to glomerulonephritis and kidney failure.
Blood in the urine means there are red blood cells (RBCs) in the urine. Often, the urine looks normal to the naked eye. But when checked under a microscope, it contains a high number of red blood cells. In some cases, the urine is pink, red, or the color of tea, which you can see without a microscope.
Detailed information on hemolytic uremic syndrome, including cause, progression, treatment, and statistics
IgA nephropathy is a chronic kidney disease. It progresses over 10 to 20 years, and can lead to end-stage renal disease. It is caused by deposits of the protein immunoglobulin A (IgA) inside the filters (glomeruli) in the kidney. These glomeruli normally filter waste and excess water from the blood and send them to the bladder as urine. However, the IgA protein prevents this filtering process.
Erectile dysfunction (ED) or impotence means you can’t get an erection. It can also mean you are dissatisfied with the size or hardness of your erections, or how long your erections last.
Detailed information on urology, the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract in both genders, and with the genital tract or reproductive system in the male
Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system. It makes a person unable to have children. It can affect a man, a woman, or both. Male infertility means that a man has a problem with his reproductive system. It means you cannot start a pregnancy with your female partner.
Interstitial cystitis (IC) is an inflamed or irritated bladder wall. It can lead to scarring and stiffening of the bladder. The bladder can’t hold as much urine as it did in the past. It is a chronic disorder.
Nephrotic syndrome causes scarring or damage to the filtering part of the kidneys (glomeruli). This causes too much protein to be lost from the blood into the urine.
The muscles and nerves of the urinary system work together to hold and release urine at the right time. Nerves carry messages between the bladder and the spinal cord and brain. The messages tell the muscles of the bladder to either tighten or release. In neurogenic bladder, these nerves don’t work the way they should.
Peyronie disease causes hard, flat plaque to form under the skin on the tissue of the penis. The plaque often starts as an inflammation that may develop into scar tissue. It can cause pain and a sharp curve in the penis during erections.
Detailed information on the different types of polycystic kidney disease, including autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease, and acquired cystic kidney disease
Detailed information on the most common urogenital disorders, including analgesic nephropathy, bladder cancer, cystocele (fallen bladder), end stage renal disease, glomerulonephritis, glomerulosclerosis, goodpasture syndrome, hematuria (blood in the urine